Simple Fire Door Checks for Responsible Persons
If you are the person responsible for the fire safety in your premises, the importance of fire door safety will not be lost on you. Here, we take a look at a few simple steps that you can take to keep an eye on fire doors and to ensure that they are checked for safety features on a regular basis.
This is a simple step where you can check for a label or plug on either the top or side of the door. If there is no certification mark on a door there is no way you can be completely sure that it really is a fire door. Where you discover a door without certification, you should report it. This is the first and easiest way to ensure that the doors at the property are indeed designed and implemented to provide extensive fire safety features.
Take a look at the gaps around the side and the tops of the door. They must be consistent in design, less that 4mm around the top and sides of the door when the door is closed. The gap underneath the door can be up to 8mm but that does really depend on the door itself. A rule of thumb is that you should not be able to see any light coming from underneath the door when it is closed. Looking at gaps around a door is important as you need to ensure that smoke and fire cannot travel through the gap into other areas. You can check the gap by placing a £1 coin next to the gap (this is around 3mm in thickness).
Check that all intumescent seals around the door and the doorframe are fully intact and have not been damaged in any way. The seals need to expand when they come into contact with heat. Door seals have been designed to prevent heat, fire, and sometimes smoke from travelling through the gaps. You can check this easily enough by looking at the edges of the door and around the frame. If there is any damage at all, you should report it to be fixed.
The hinges on fire doors must be firmly fixed and number three or more in total. For credibility and integrity of a fire door hinge, there must be no broken or missing screws. Take a look at the door, and the action of it closing and opening to make sure that it has been maintained in a proper manner. In the case of a fire and the intensity that follows the hinges will help the fire door to work in a manner that helps prevent the spread of fire, heat and smoke.
Closing the Door
All of the previous actions lead to the point where you can check the door closes properly. Check that it closes firmly on the latch without the door sticking either to the frame or on to the floor. A fire door is useless if it is open at all, whether poorly maintained and stuck to the frame or door, or wedged open intentionally. To fully test the closing of a fire door, open it halfway and let go. The fire door should close itself within a fast timeframe and seal easily, without sticking on the way.
Fire door safety is vital within any building. With a few simple steps you can keep an eye that everything is in working order.